New Jersey Bike Laws

New Jersey is one of only four states in the nation that does not define bicycles as vehicles. However, a bicyclist is granted the same rights and subject to the same duties as a motor vehicle driver.

General Overview

Bicyclists are required by law (39:4-10-11.1) to have:

  • Front and rear lights, plus a rear reflector
  • A bell
  • Brakes

Bicyclists must obey all state and local automobile driving laws.

Bicyclists are required by law to ride to the right and only left under certain conditions. ( 39:4-14.2, 39:4-10.11)

Persons under 17 years of age are required by law to wear a helmet. (Title 39:4-10.1)

According to a 2012 a New Jersey Supreme Court ruling (Polzo v. County of Essex), shoulders are not bike lanes, therefore, bicyclists do not have full rights if riding their bicycle in a shoulder.

Resource links

Volunteer for the BCGP!

Take the next step in getting involved in your bicycling community. Learn more here.